Select Reactants Select species from dropdown lists below, or choose a pre-defined reaction from   Type Initial Volume (L)
Total Amount Added (L) Concentration (moles/L) Equilibrium Constant, K
Analyte/Titrand  
Reagent/Titrant  

              


Reactions:
Titrand 1st ionization:          + <--->            +
Titrand 2nd ionization:          + <--->            +
Titrant ionization:          +  ---->            +
Water autoionization:          + <--->            +
Hydrolysis:          + <--->            +
Hydrolysis:          + <--->            +

Data source for equilibrium constants: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics


Simulated Titration: (@ T  = 298.15K)

Titrant Volume (L)pHpH - no hydro
0.002.302.30
0.022.322.32
0.042.312.31
0.062.322.32
0.082.332.33
0.102.342.34
0.122.352.35
0.142.352.35
0.162.362.36
0.182.382.38
0.202.402.40
0.222.392.39
0.242.402.40
0.262.412.41
0.282.422.42
0.302.432.43
0.322.442.44
0.342.462.46
0.362.462.46
0.382.472.47
0.402.482.48
0.422.492.49
0.442.512.51
0.462.512.51
0.482.522.52
0.502.532.53
0.522.552.55
0.542.572.57
0.562.572.57
0.582.582.58
0.602.602.60
0.622.612.61
0.642.622.62
0.662.652.65
0.682.662.66
0.702.682.68
0.722.692.69
0.742.712.71
0.762.732.73
0.782.762.76
0.802.782.78
0.822.802.80
0.842.832.83
0.862.872.87
0.882.902.90
0.902.942.94
0.923.003.00
0.943.073.07
0.963.153.15
0.983.323.32
1.009.166.99
























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